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语言开发 | 婴儿宝宝网

语言开发

抓住语言开发的敏感期

什么是敏感期

敏感期也叫关键期、临界期,它是指宝宝形成某种反应或学习某种行为最佳年龄,如果在这个最佳年龄期间能为宝宝提供适当的条件,那么就能达到事半功倍的效果,有效促进这方面的发展;相反,如果错过了这个敏感期,结果就往往是事倍功半了,甚至会造成日后难以弥补的损失。

宝宝的语言敏感期

一般来说,宝宝能说出第一批真正能够被理解的词的时间在1岁左右,0~1岁是幼儿语言形成准备期,1~3岁是语言形成期,3岁以后是语言发展期。因此,0~3岁是宝宝语言发展的敏感期。

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宝宝学说话的四大法宝

宝宝学说话,是不少年轻父母十分关注的一件事情。心理学研究表明:一般来说,婴儿18个月左右就开始说第一个词语。这第一个词语可来之不易,它是宝宝经过此前十几个月(心理学上称为前言语阶段)的积累、酝酿而产生的结果。如果父母能在前言语阶段为宝宝提供一个良好的语言学习环境,并加以科学的引导,就能促进宝宝日后的语言发展。

一、使用“妈妈语”

日常生活中,当妈妈和宝宝说话时,常常会不自觉地放慢语速、提高声调并采用夸张的语气和简短的句子,这就是所谓的“妈妈语”。

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婴儿早期语言训练的误区

语言是思维的工具,思维能力又是智力的核心。因此,孩子早期的语言训练就成了其早期智力开发的关键。早期语言训练是开启孩子智慧大门的钥匙。要想把孩子培养得更聪明、更富有智慧,就要十分重视婴幼儿的早期语言训练。如今,许多年轻的父母也已意识到孩子早期语言训练的重要性,但在具体育儿实施过程中,还存在以下误区。

误区一:认为宝宝太小听不懂

父母是孩子学习语言的第一任老师,对孩子语言发展有深刻影响。婴儿听觉研究专家发现,婴儿脑内的“听觉地图”大概到1岁左右完成,在此期间,给零岁婴儿输送越多的有意义的声音,越能促进婴儿脑内主管听觉的神经元的敏感性。另外,还有研究表明,婴儿获得的词汇量的多少,很大程度上取决于母亲对婴儿说话的数量。

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婴儿语言学习的四个必经步骤

婴儿语言学习理论上要经过两个阶段:接受信息阶段和表达信息阶段。从学习口语和文字的两个方面,可以划分为四个必经步骤:学听话、学说话,学认字、学写字。

婴儿语言学习必经步骤之一:学听话

学听话是接受信息阶段,基本方法是:婴儿从出生开始,大量地听各种简单和复杂的语音和句子。

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