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2008 10月 | 婴儿宝宝网

10月, 2008

喂养方式对婴儿牙齿发育的影响

喂养方式对宝宝牙齿的生长发育有很大影响。

1、常让宝宝含奶睡觉

有的妈妈经常在宝宝睡觉时,把一瓶含有奶汁、糖或果汁的食物喂给宝宝,为的是让宝宝能尽快安睡,喂后也未给宝宝清洗口腔,很容易使宝宝患龋齿

2、以糖果哄宝宝睡觉

有的妈妈为让哭闹的宝宝入睡,甚至将安抚奶嘴涂上蜂蜜或者其他糖类,这样,会使食物残留在口腔里,经过口腔中正常寄存细菌的发酵产生酸性产物,对牙齿的珐琅质进行腐蚀,发生脱钙。乳牙本身珐琅质就较薄弱,牙齿发生脱钙后会更不坚固,形成蛀牙。对乳牙的损害程度与吃奶次数的频度、每次进食的时间长短以及保持这种不良哺喂习惯的时间成正比。

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影响婴儿牙齿发育的主要因素

宝宝出生后4~10个月开始出乳牙,在宝宝长牙期间,辅食的添加是影响牙齿的健康发育最重要的因素。及时正确的辅食添加既可以为牙齿发育提供必要的营养成分,如钙、磷等矿物质和许多维生素,促进牙齿的长成,又可以帮助宝宝练习咀嚼、消化,甚至对宝宝的语言能力培养也大有帮助。

4~6个月,宝宝的辅食应以泥糊状食物为主,锻炼孩子吐咽、舌头前后移动的能力。食物性状从稀糊状过渡到稠糊状。例如,米糊、蛋黄糊、土豆泥糊等。

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